In 2008, citing a need to overcome a critical bottleneck in the national transportation corridor, the Crown of Canada and the Crown of Ontario announced their intention to twin the TransCanada highway through Anishinaabe territory. While this infrastructure would clearly impact Anishinaabe rights and interests, they were not adequately consulted. They were not meaningfully engaged. The Anishinaabeg therefore refused. For the past 12 years the project has not moved forward to construction. Today, a fresh attempt is being made to realize the project.